Mental Illness Symptoms: Common Mental Illnesses and Symptoms

Mental Illness SymptomsMental illness is a very common condition that affects many people around the world. It accounts 11% of the worldwide disease and is considered as a disabling condition. Mental illnesses are significant psychological or behavioral patterns that affect individuals and are often associated distress. The condition can be a mild mood disorder or an extreme manic-depressive condition. Although health practitioners worldwide recognize the condition as a group of disorders that cause disturbances in feeling, thinking and relating, the definition of the condition is still varied.

There are various types of mental illnesses and the symptoms may vary as well. The different types include mood disorders, dissociative disorders, eating disorders, psychotic disorders, personality disorders and developmental disorders. Mental illness symptoms may vary depending on the type of disorder an individual is going through.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are pathological conditions that can be debilitating and chronic. This condition can be experienced at an early age or it may begin due to triggering events. This condition can cause an individual to experience occasional episodes of anxiety that can be intense and terrifying. This can also cause an individual to feel immobilized. There are various types of anxiety disorders such as panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and phobias. Some of the most common mental illness symptoms related to anxiety disorders are as follows:

  • Inability to stay asleep or fall asleep
  • Inability to stay relaxed
  • Irritability or trembling
  • Muscle tension or twitching
  • Hot flashes or sweating
  • Headaches
  • Breathlessness or lightheadedness
  • Nausea
  • Frequent urge to go to the bathroom
  • Lack of concentration or fatigue
  • Chest pain and discomfort
  • Sense of unreality
  • Fear of going crazy or losing control
  • Fear of dying
  • Pounding heart
  • Tingling sensation in the hands

Symptoms of Psychotic Disorders

Individuals who are suffering from psychotic disorders or psychosis are known to lost contract with reality. These individuals often experience delusional beliefs or hallucinations, and may exhibit disorganized thinking or personality changes. This can also be accompanied with bizarre behavior and difficulty to interact socially, thus causing impairment in being able to carry out daily activities. Some of the most common mental illness symptoms associated with psychosis is:

  • Hallucinations that manifests in the form of hearing non-existent voices
  • False beliefs or delusions that cannot be corrected through reasons
  • Diminished emotions
  • Thought disorders
  • Lack of interest

Symptoms of Personality Disorders

Personality disorders are classified as dramatic, fear-related or eccentric. The most common mental illness symptoms associated to this condition are:

  • A marked disharmonious behavior or attitude, which involves ways of thinking and perceiving, several areas of normal functioning and the style of communicating or relating to others.
  • The unusual behavioral pattern is enduing and is not limited to simple episodes of mental illness
  • The behavioral pattern is not suitable to a broad range of social or personal situations
  • Personal distress that can only be apparent in the later course of the condition
  • Problems in social and occupational performance

Symptoms of Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are conditions where an individual avoids eating intentionally, thus affecting both physical and mental health. Some of the most common eating disorders are bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa. The symptoms associated with this disorder are:

  • Abnormal low body weight
  • For females that are postmenarcheal, absence of three menstrual cycles or amenorrhea
  • Intense fear of becoming fat or gaining weight
  • Preoccupation with body shape and weight
  • Binge eating or overeating
  • Self-recrimination
  • Crash dieting
  • Over exercising
  • Purging

Symptoms of Mood Disorders

There are two known types of mood disorders – general or clinical depression and bipolar disorder – and both conditions present different symptoms. For bipolar mood disorder, the most common symptoms are:

  • Restlessness and increased energy
  • Rapid talking and racing thoughts
  • Euphoric or excessive high feelings
  • Denial
  • Distraction and extreme irritability
  • Lack of sleep
  • Unrealistic beliefs in one’s powers and abilities
  • Unusual sexual drive
  • Drug abuse
  • Aggressive, provocative or intrusive behavior

The common symptoms of depression often include:

  • Anxiety and persistent sadness
  • Pessimism or feelings of hopelessness
  • Lack of interest
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of concentration
  • Irritability or restlessness
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Lack of appetite and sudden weight loss or weight gain
  • Persistent bodily symptoms or chronic pain
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts

An individual presenting any of the mental illness symptoms mentioned above or for any of the mentioned mental disorders, immediate diagnosis and monitoring is necessary. This is to be able to provide immediate treatment. With proper diagnosis comes effective treatment and this may result to improved mental health.

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